A child with a family history of clubfoot is more likely to develop it. Other risk factors are:
Babies born with clubfoot may also have a higher risk for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). This health problem affects the hip joint. The top of the thigh bone (femur) slips in and out of the hip socket because the socket is too shallow.
The symptoms of clubfoot are:
Your child’s healthcare provider makes the diagnosis of clubfoot at birth with a physical exam. During the exam, your child’s healthcare provider may ask about your child’s birth history and if other family members are known to have clubfoot.
If the diagnosis of clubfoot is made in an older infant or child, your child’s healthcare provider may ask about developmental milestones. Clubfoot can be linked to other nervous system disorders. Developmental delays may need more follow-up to look at an underlying problem.
Your child may also need X-rays.
Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
The goal of treatment is to straighten the foot so that it can grow and develop normally. Without treatment, your child would have trouble walking. Treatment choices include:
Most infants with clubfoot don’t need surgery. Those who do may need more than one surgery because the deformity may come back as the child grows and develops.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your child’s healthcare provider:
Stroke is a leading cause of death and a
leading cause of serious, long-term disability, according to the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Stroke Association (ASA). The ASA reports that strokes are the fourth leading cause of death in the U.S. Find out more about stroke by taking this quiz, based on information from the AHA and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).