Also known as colitis, mucous colitis, spastic colon, nervous functional bowel, or IBS, irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder that affects the colon.
The properly functioning colon moves stool along by rhythmic contractions. With IBS, the nerves and muscles in the colon are extra sensitive, causing them to contract irregularly and intensely. These abnormal contractions can lead to changes in bowel movements, such as pain, diarrhea or constipation.
Rather than being a specific disease, IBS is a “syndrome,” or a collection of symptoms. IBS is very common, and tends to run in families. It does not lead to cancer. However, prolonged contractions from IBS can cause balloon-like pockets to push out from the bowel wall, leading to diverticulitis. This condition needs to be treated as soon as possible.
To relieve the symptoms of IBS, a physician must first diagnose the condition. Your medical history is a strong indicator, and your physician may conduct a series of tests, such as a stool sample analysis, x-rays of the intestinal tract, or a simple blood test.
There is no cure for Irritable Bowel Symptom, but a number of steps can relieve the symptoms. They include:
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