Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease and the number one cause of death in the United States in both men and women. 

It occurs when the inner walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become hardened and narrowed due to a build up of cholesterol and other material, called plaque. This condition also is known as atherosclerosis.

As this build up increases, less blood can flow through the arteries. The heart muscle can't get the blood or oxygen it needs. This can lead to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Most heart attacks happen when a blood clot develops at the site of plaque in a coronary artery and suddenly cuts off most or all blood supply to that part of the heart muscle.

Over time, CAD can also weaken the heart muscle and contribute to heart failure (failure to pump enough blood to the rest of the body) and arrhythmias. Arrhythmias are changes in the normal beating rhythm of the heart.

For more information on CAD or to schedule an appointment, call MoBap at 314-996-3627 or contact us online.

Important Risk Factors You Can Control or Treat:

  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Lack of physical activity

Risk Factors You Cannot Control:

  • Age -- As you get older, your risk for CAD increases
  • In men, risk increases after age 40
  • In women, risk increases after age 55
  • Family history of early heart disease
  • Heart disease diagnosed before age 55 in father or brother
  • Heart disease diagnosed before age 65 in mother or sister
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