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History

What began with one patient, one doctor and one room in 1884 has grown into a thriving medical center with 489 beds, more than 1,400 staff physicians and 2,700 employees today. While our hospital has continued to grow through the years, one thing has never changed: our promise to put the needs of our patients first. Always.

1878 - William H. Mayfield, MD, comes to St. Louis to study surgery at St. Louis Medical College (which became part of Washington University School of Medicine in 1891).

1884 - Dr. Mayfield and his wife open their three-story brick home at 1914 N. 11th Street, to his first patient.  Word of Dr. Mayfield's work attracts patients from around the region.  Neither Dr. nor Mrs. Mayfield draw a salary for their work.

1886 - To accommodate the growing number of patients, Dr. Mayfield rents the large brick Dausman Mansion and its grounds at 909 North Taylor. He opens it as an annex to his hospital, and by 1887 most patient care is transferred.  With support from the Third Baptist Church of St. Louis and the Baptist Ministers Alliance, the hospital is formally chartered "Missouri Baptist Sanitarium."

1892 - A typhoid fever epidemic hits St. Louis. Missouri Baptist initiates a horse and carriage ambulance service. 

1894 - The first staff is named;  includes many noted St. Louis physicians and surgeons

1895 - Missouri Baptist Nursing Training School opens. Nursing students of the day were expected to work 10 hours a day in addition to their studies.

1897 - The first class graduates from Missouri Baptist Nursing Training School; there are three graduates.

1900 - Annual report lists 818 patients treated: 488 medical cases, 330 surgical, 14 babies born.

1903 - Missouri Baptist purchases its first X-ray machine, adds X-ray department

1905 -Missouri Baptist builds its own electric power station; purchases 12-room house at 4529 MacMillan Avenue to house its nurses

1908 - Missouri Baptist builds a bacteriology and chemical laboratory, one of the first in the nation

1909 - Physicians are added to the medical staff; rooms for patients are opened

1915 - Hospital invests $192,526 in a new sanitarium annex at 919 N. Tayor Avenue, adjoining the mansion, which became the maternity ward. Additional services offered; Missouri Baptist purchases a motorized ambulance.

1918 - During World War I, seven Missouri Baptist physicians and forty nurses volunteer with the Red Cross serving at stateside and overseas military bases.  Spanish Influenza hits St. Louis; a total of 3,641 St. Louisans die.

1919 - Missouri Baptist hires its first dietitian

1920 - Missouri Baptist physicians endorse the “St. Louis Plan” to cut down on automobile accidents; the program receives national attention

1921 - Missouri Baptist opens a clinic for treating minor illnesses and injuries 1922 -- Missouri Baptist receives class A rating

1923 - A pediatric area is opened in response to the findings of the Central States Pediatric Society; Missouri Baptist is fully accredited by the Missouri State Hospital Association and the American Protestant Hospital Association

1924 - Missouri Baptist purchases a cardiograph; the first occupational therapist is added to the staff

1925 - Missouri Baptist hires their first social worker to keep in touch with patients leaving the Hospital

1926 - Physical therapy is initiated Missouri Baptist using light, heat, water and electricity, massage and traction to treat disease

1929 - The Hospital’s name is changed to Missouri Baptist Hospital; the bone and joint center opens  

1931 - Two sections of the Hospital close due to low patient numbers and the Great Depression; Baptist churches give food and money to support the hospital during Hospital Day

1937 - Missouri Baptist purchases a 200,000-volt X-ray machine to treat cancer patients

1938 - Missouri Baptist Nursing students score first, second, and third on the state exam; the Hospital receives a fever cabinet, vasculator, infant respirator, and nose-and-throat operating chair

1941 - Fifteen physicians and fifteen nurses enlist after the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor

1944 - The entire graduating class from Missouri Baptist Nursing School enlists; the Hospital uses nurses’ aids and volunteers

1947 - The pathology lab is updated to include a blood bank

1949 - Missouri Baptist is approved by the American College of Surgeons

1952 - The 40-hour workweek is instituted at the Hospital

1954 - Another building addition is completed that includes a psychiatric unit and postoperative recovery rooms; an outpatient clinic on Washington Avenue also is opened

1955 - Missouri Baptist pharmacy achieves a perfect score from the Missouri Board of Pharmacy.

1958 - Missouri Baptist receives an award from Hug A. Logan of the United Fund.

1959 - A 28-bed unit for the ambulatory chronically ill opens; Missouri Baptist celebrates its 75th anniversary, featuring plans for a new Hospital.

1965 - Medical facilities relocate to current location

1972 - East Wing expansion increases capacity and adds new areas for emergency care, outpatient treatment, surgery and radiology

1979 - West Wing expansion includes a new oncology unit, surgical intensive care unit, and respiratory therapy and pulmonary departments

1983 - Cardiologists perform the first heart catheterizations at Missouri Baptist

1984 - A cardiac surgery team is developed; the first open-heart surgery is performed December 3

1989 - Hospital changes name to Missouri Baptist Medical Center

1993 -- Renovations add 15-room surgery center, medical and surgical intensive-care units and a dedicated Heart Center

1994 -- Missouri Baptist Medical Center joins BJC HealthCare, St. Louis’ largest health care system

2000 -- Renovations include the Cardiac and Vascular Center; Missouri Baptist School of Nursing graduates its final class after 105 years of operation

2001 -- Missouri Baptist Medical Center joins the world’s largest prostate cancer prevention study

2002 - Building D opens with new Outpatient Cardiac Cath Lab, Digestive Disease Center, Breast Healthcare Center, Center for Women’s Wellness and Fetal Health, and Labor and Delivery Unit

2007 - Missouri Baptist purchases robotic surgical unit, the da Vinci System, for its prostate cancer program; East Pavilion opens on the southeast corner of the campus with new Emergency Department, Pediatric Emergency Department, Pediatric Care Center, Cancer Center and cardiovascular care area; introduces physician triage process to the new Emergency Department

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