Chest pain or chest discomfort (angina)
This discomfort may last more than a few minutes, or can be pain that goes away and comes back. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, tightness, squeezing, fullness or pain.
Discomfort in other areas of the upper body
Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach. Other signs may include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.
Shortness of breath
This can occur with or without chest pain and may include extreme fatigue with exertion and swelling of the feet and ankles.
Most heart attacks start slowly, with mild pain or discomfort. Often people affected aren't sure what's wrong and wait too long before getting help.
A range of diagnostic tests are available to assess your heart health.
- Cardiac Catheterization
- Coronary Angiography
- Intracoronary Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS)
- Intravascular Distal Blood Flow Velocity
- Coronary Artery Stent Placement
- Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)
- Coronary Rotablator
Risk Factor Modification
Preventing and treating Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) first involves identifying risk factors and making lifestyle changes, such as stopping smoking, eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and controlling conditions that contribute to CAD, such as high blood pressure and cholesterol or diabetes.
Various medications can also help to slow the progression of CAD and improve heart function. These include cholesterol-lowering drugs to reduce plaque build up, aspirin to thin the blood and reduce the risk of blood clot formation, and medication to control high blood pressure and diabetes.
For more information on coronary artery disease treatment or to schedule an appointment, call us at 314-996-3627 or contact us online.